A collection of Dreiser’s philosophical speculations, Notes on Life, appeared in 1974. [17], Politically, Dreiser was involved in several campaigns defending radicals whom he believed had been the victims of social injustice. He gives the feeling that he doesn't have any native language". In November 1931, Dreiser led the National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners (NCDPP) to the coalfields of southeastern Kentucky, where they took testimony from coal miners in Pineville and Harlan on the pattern of violence against the miners and their unions by the coal operators known as the Harlan County War. "[29] A British view of Dreiser came from the publisher Rupert Hart-Davis: "Theodore Dreiser's books are enough to stop me in my tracks, never mind his letters—that slovenly turgid style describing endless business deals, with a seduction every hundred pages as light relief. [35], Cowie, Alexander, Alfred Kazin, and Charles Shapiro. Among other themes, his novels explore the new … In his next major novel, The ‘Genius’ (1915), he transformed his own life and numerous love affairs into a sprawling semiautobiographical chronicle that was censured by the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice. Dreiser College, at Stony Brook University located in Stony Brook, New York, is also named after him. Dreiser's novels were held to be amoral‚ and he battled throughout his career against censorship and popular taste. "[14]:398, After proposing in 1893, he married Sara Osborne White on December 28, 1898. Theodore Dreiser Biography. We walk you through all about Theodore. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Professor of English, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio. Theodore Dreiser; Theodore Dreiser; Theodore Dreiser; Theodore Dreiser; Theodore Dreiser: Material Type: Biography: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: W A Swanberg; Mazal Holocaust Collection. Through these readings and his own experience, Dreiser came to believe that human beings are helpless in the grip of instincts and social forces beyond their control, and he judged human society as an unequal contest between the strong and the weak. Finding aid to Theodore Dreiser letters and manuscripts, 1897-1939, at Columbia University. - 28.12. Checkout Theodore Wiki Age, Biography, Career, Height, Weight, Family. Sister Carrie tells the story of a rudderless but pretty small-town girl who comes to the big city filled with … "[28], Renowned mid-century literary critic Irving Howe spoke of Dreiser as ranking "among the American giants, the very few American giants we have had. It was named for Dreiser in 1966. Their road is long but, because of him, those who follow will never have to face the road through the wilderness of Puritan denial, the road that Dreiser faced alone. "[30] The literary scholar F.R. Theodore Dreiser, (born Aug. 27, 1871, Terre Haute, Ind., U.S.—died Dec. 28, 1945, Hollywood, Calif.), novelist who was the outstanding American practitioner of naturalism. He was the leading figure in a national literary movement that replaced the observance of Victorian notions of propriety with the unflinching presentation of the real-life subject matter. The reception accorded his second novel, Jennie Gerhardt (1911), the story of a woman who submits sexually to rich and powerful men to help her poverty-stricken family, lent him further encouragement. Within several years, Dreiser was writing as a journalist for the Chicago Globe newspaper and then the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Dreiser’s sludge-like prose doomed him among readers over the last half century, while Lewis, who achieved fame in the ‘20s, becoming the first American to win a Nobel Prize for Literature in 1930, has seen his reputation sag. [11], In Sister Carrie, Dreiser portrayed a changing society, writing about a young woman who flees rural life for the city (Chicago), fails to find work that pays a living wage, falls prey to several men, and ultimately achieves fame as an actress. In 1942 he began belatedly to rewrite The Bulwark, a novel begun in 1912. His second novel Jennie Gerhardt was published in 1911. "The Stature of Theodore Dreiser: A Critical Survey of the Man and His Work." The book’s highly critical view of the American legal system also made him the adopted champion of social reformers. He was the ninth of ten surviving children (three others died as infants) of Säräh Schanab and Johann Dreiser. Cassuto, Leonard and Clare Virginia Eby, eds. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Theodore-Dreiser, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Theodore Dreiser, Pennsylvania Center for the Book - Biography of Theodore Dreiser, Theodore Dreiser - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He was the leading figure in a national literary movement that replaced the observance of Victorian notions of propriety with the unflinching presentation of real-life subject matter. [20] In 1913, he began a romantic relationship with the actress and painter Kyra Markham. Dreiser joined the Communist Party USA in August 1945. One of his last acts was to join the American Communist Party. Theodore Dreiser, Writer: A Place in the Sun. Other works include Trilogy of Desire, which was based on the life of Charles Tyson Yerkes, who became a Chicago streetcar tycoon. Theodore Dreiser Biography Although Theodore Dreiser never received the Nobel Prize for literature, he is recognized today as a genuine American literary pioneer, and his massive An American Tragedy is acclaimed as one of the most important novels in American literature. Dreiser’s own harsh experience of poverty as a youth and his early yearnings for wealth and success would become dominant themes in his novels, and the misadventures of his brothers and sisters in early adult life gave him additional material on which to base his characters. His novels often featured main characters who succeeded at their objectives despite a lack of a firm moral code, and literary situations that more closely resemble studies of nature than tales of choice and agency . His father, a German immigrant, was a mostly unemployed millworker who subscribed to a stern and narrow Roman Catholicism. None of his indictments of middle-class America have found an audience today. His novels often featured main characters who succeeded at their objectives despite a lack of a firm moral code, and literary situations that more closely resemble studies of nature than tales of choice and agency. Dreiser also wrote poetry. [5], Within several years, Dreiser was writing as a journalist for the Chicago Globe newspaper and then the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Just before Theodore's birth, a series of misfortunes had struck the family, rendering them penniless. He was the twelfth of thirteen children of John, a German immigrant, and … [3] John Dreiser was a German immigrant from Mayen in the Eifel region, and Sarah was from the Mennonite farming community near Dayton, Ohio. Part of a large German-American family, and the ninth of ten children, his childhood was marked by poverty. His parents were John Paul and Sara Maria Dreiser. Web. Dreiser's first commercial success was An American Tragedy, published in 1925. Dreiser recorded his experiences on a trip to Europe in A Traveler at Forty (1913). Sister Carrie was a movement away from the emphasis on morals of the Victorian era and focused more on realism and the base instincts of humans. American Literature 28.2 (1956): 244. [23] Through the following decades, she remained the constant woman in his life, even through many more temporary love affairs (such as one with his secretary Clara Jaeger in the 1930s). Dreiser was the ninth of 10 surviving children in a family whose perennial poverty forced frequent moves between small Indiana towns and Chicago in search of a lower cost of living. His only important literary achievement in this decade was the autobiography of his childhood and teens, Dawn (1931), one of the most candid self-revelations by any major writer. This disappointment and an accumulation of family and marital troubles sent Dreiser into a suicidal depression from which he was rescued in 1901 by his brother, Paul Dresser, a well-known songwriter, who arranged for Theodore’s treatment in a sanitarium. Der amerikanische Schriftsteller. Prev Article Next Article . He wrote several articles on writers such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, William Dean Howells, Israel Zangwill, and John Burroughs, and interviewed public figures such as Andrew Carnegie, Marshall Field, Thomas Edison, and Theodore Thomas. If he's the great American novelist, give me the Marx Brothers every time. Theodore Dreiser was born on August 27, 1871, from parents Sarah Schanab and Johann Dreiser in Terre Haute, Indiana. Mencken,[32] declared "that he is a great artist, and that no other American of his generation left so wide and handsome a mark upon the national letters. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. American writing, before and after his time, differed almost as much as biology before and after Darwin. A visit to the Soviet Union in 1927 produced a skeptical critique of that communist society entitled Dreiser Looks at Russia (1928). 1871. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Huxley and John Tyndall and adopted the speculations of the philosopher Herbert Spencer. Theodore Dreiser Wiki, Biography, Net Worth, Age, Family, Facts and More. Dreiser Hall, erected 1950 on the Indiana State University campus in Terre Haute, Indiana, houses the University's Communications Programs, Student Media (WISU), Sycamore Video and "The Sycamore" (annual yearbook), classroom and lecture space as well as a 255-seat proscenium theater. This second edition, now titled Theodore Dreiser: A Primary Bibliography and Reference Guide, again seeks to provide a comprehensive bibliography of Dreiser's publications and of writing about him. He influenced a number of writers, including Sherwood Anderson. He began a career as a newspaper reporter in Chicago in 1892 and worked his way to the East Coast. He married Sara White in 1898, but his roving affections (and resulting infidelities) doomed their relationship. Paul Dresser (1857–1906) was one of his older brothers; Paul changed the spelling of his name as he became a popular songwriter. Theodore Dreiser was a famous American author, who was born on August 27, 1871. In response to witnessing a lynching in 1893, Dreiser wrote the short story "Nigger Jeff" (1901), which was published in Ainslee's Magazine.[13]. (Sara White Dreiser had died in 1942.) The book has acquired a considerable reputation. Her family disowned her for converting to Roman Catholicism in order to marry John Dreiser. Biography of. His only other significant publications in the late 1920s were collections of stories and sketches written earlier, Chains (1927) and A Gallery of Women (1929), and an unsuccessful collection of poetry, Moods, Cadenced and Declaimed (1926). They but dimly represent the great surging feelings and desires which lie behind. He was the nineth of ten to surviving. Theodore Dreiser - Theodore Dreiser - Works: Dreiser’s first novel, Sister Carrie (1900), is a work of pivotal importance in American literature despite its inauspicious launching. Radnja njegovih romana vezana je uz razvoj i moralnu degeneraciju snažnih i ambicioznih ličnosti (Sestra Carrie, Financijer, Titan i Genije). Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (17.8. "[33], Dreiser's great theme was the tremendous tensions that can arise among ambition, desire, and social mores.[34]. The first two volumes of a projected trilogy of novels based on the life of the American transportation magnate Charles T. Yerkes, The Financier (1912) and The Titan (1914), followed. In 1894 Dreiser arrived in New York City, where he worked for several newspapers and contributed to magazines. Theodore Dreiser's Biography. Dreiser's father had come from Germany twenty-five years before and through hard work became a man of wealth and position. As a matter of fact, words are, as a rule, the shallowest portion of all the argument. [7], During 1899, the Dreisers stayed with Arthur Henry and his wife Maude Wood Henry at the House of Four Pillars, an 1830s Greek Revival house in Maumee, Ohio. All of us who write are better off because he lived, worked, and hoped. [2] Dreiser's best known novels include Sister Carrie (1900) and An American Tragedy (1925). This story was the basis for the 1942 romantic movie My Gal Sal. But Doubleday’s qualms about the book, the story line of which involves a young kept woman whose “immorality” goes unpunished, led the publisher to limit the book’s advertising, and consequently it sold fewer than 500 copies. Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser rođen je krajem kolovoza 1871. u Indiani, u mjestu Terre Haute kao deveto od desetoro žive, a 12-o od 13 djece koliko je Sarah Maria Schanab rodila u braku s Johnom Paulom Dreiserom. [23] They remained together until his death on December 28, 1945, at the age of 74.[14]:399. Zitierweise Dreiser, Theodore, Indexeintrag: Deutsche Biographie, https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/pnd118527355.html [13.12.2020]. His father, John Paul, had previously been a cotton mill manager, but a series of unfortunate accidents caused his fortunes to dwindle. "Geschichte ist die Biographie der Menschheit", Ludwig Börne (1786-1837) Theodore Dreiser. [14]:44 His featuring young women as protagonists dramatized the social changes of urbanization, as young people moved from rural villages to cities. The last was published posthumously in 1947. In 2011, Dreiser was inducted into the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame. 108 quotes from Theodore Dreiser: 'People in general attach too much importance to words. Mencken, spoke of Dreiser's relationship with communism as an "unimportant detail in his life,"[14]:398 Dreiser's biographer Jerome Loving notes that his political activities since the early 1930s had "clearly been in concert with ostensible communist aims with regard to the working class. Theodore Dreiser was one of the great American writers, and a transitional figure between Victorian America and the "modern" age that was inaugurated after the cessation of hostilities after WWI and the publication of Sinclair Lewis' "Main Street" in 1920. Theodore Dreiser was born on August 27, 1871 in Terre Haute, Indiana. There he set about marketing the film rights to his earlier works. Like other naturalistic novelists of the 1890s Theodore Dreiser believed in evolutionary and materialistic determinism and gave these ideas powerful expression. Dreiser often was forced to battle against censorship because his depiction of some aspects of life, such as sexual promiscuity, offended authorities and challenged popular standards of acceptable opinion. why?" His poem "The Aspirant" (1929) continues his theme of poverty and ambition: A young man in a shabby furnished room describes his own and the other tenants' dreams, and asks "why? As a person born on this date, Theodore Dreiser is listed in our database as the 60th most popular celebrity for the day (August 27) and the 7th most popular for the year (1871). Theodore Dreiser was born on August 28, 1871 in Terre Haute, Indiana. August 1871 in Terre Haute, Indiana; † 28. Fortune hunting became a disease with the frequent result of a peculiarly American kind of crime, a form of "murder for money", when "the young ambitious lover of some poorer girl" found "a more attractive girl with money or position" but could not get rid of the first girl, usually because of pregnancy.[15]. Sternzeichen Jungfrau 24.08 -23.09. Biography; Herman Theodore Dreiser Herman Theodore Dreiser. This book brought Dreiser a degree of critical and commercial success he had never before attained and would not thereafter equal. They are under the illusion that talking effects great results. It seemed to spring from the fact that almost every young person was possessed of an ingrown ambition to be somebody financially and socially. American novelist Herman Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945) projected a vitality and an honesty that established several of his novels as classics of world literature. Theodore Dreiser was one of the most influential American authors of his generation. His story "My Brother Paul" was a kind of biography of his older brother Paul Dresser, who became a famous songwriter in the 1890s. Theodore Dreiser (1871 - 1945) is considered one of the great American novelists from early in the 20th century, along with Edith Wharton, Stephen Crane, and Jack London. He was the leading figure in a national literary movement that replaced the observance of Victorian notions of propriety with the unflinching presentation of real-life subject matter. Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (Terre Haute, Indiana, SAD, 17. kolovoza 1871.- Hollywood, Kalifornija, SAD, 28. prosinca 1945. It became a beacon to subsequent American writers whose allegiance was to the realistic treatment of any and all subject matter. The couple separated permanently in 1912. by Mary; September 10, 2020; Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser was an American writer and public figure, born on August 27, 1871, in Terre Haute, Indiana (USA). Theodore Dreiser. 1945.) John White 1 year ago No Comments. Theodore Dreiser was born in Terre Haute, Indiana, on August 27, 1871. This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 23:34. In 1925 Dreiser’s first novel in a decade, An American Tragedy, based on a celebrated murder case, was published. It has been called the "greatest of all American urban novels."[12]. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Though known primarily as a novelist, Dreiser also wrote short stories, publishing his first collection Free and Other Stories in 1918, made up of 11 stories. [26], Alfred Kazin characterized Dreiser as "stronger than all the others of his time, and at the same time more poignant; greater than the world he has described, but as significant as the people in it,"[27] while Larzer Ziff (UC Berkeley) remarked that Dreiser "succeeded beyond any of his predecessors or successors in producing a great American business novel. Leavis wrote that Dreiser "seems as though he learned English from a newspaper. Wöchentlich bringen wir neue Porträts, publizieren redaktionell überarbeitete Texte und aktualisieren darüberhinaus Hunderte von Biographien. After graduating from high school in Warsaw, Indiana, Dreiser attended Indiana University in 1889–1890 without taking a degree. Geboren am: 27.08.1871. Theodore Dreiser's beginnings were not auspicious. Theodore was the twelfth of thirteen children. In later life Dreiser would bitterly associate religion with his father’s ineffectuality and the family’s resulting material deprivation, but he always spoke and wrote of his mother with unswerving affection. He based his novel on details and setting of the 1906 murder of Grace Brown by Chester Gillette in upstate New York, which attracted widespread attention from newspapers. [24] Helen tolerated Dreiser's affairs, and they eventually married on June 13, 1944. There ensued 10 years of sustained literary activity during which Dreiser produced a short-story collection, Free and Other Stories (1918); a book of sketches, Twelve Men (1919); philosophical essays, Hey-Rub-a-Dub-Dub (1920); a rhapsodic description of New York, The Color of A Great City (1923); works of drama, including Plays of the Natural and Supernatural (1916) and The Hand of the Potter (1918); and the autobiographical works A Hoosier Holiday (1916) and A Book About Myself (1922). ", National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners, Hey Rub-a-Dub-Dub: A Book of the Mystery and Wonder and Terror of Life, "Seven Famous People Who Missed the Titanic", "Lucas County : 2-48 House of Four Pillars", "Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945) His Friendship to the Soviet People in 1938-1941", "Edward Weston, R. M. Schindler, Anna Zacsek, Lloyd Wright, Lawrence Tibbett, Reginald Pole, Beatrice Wood and Their Dramatic Circles", "Clara Jaeger Secretary and mistress to Theodore Dreiser", The International Theodore Dreiser Society, American Writers: A Journey Through History. Dreiser was born in Terre Haute, Indiana to John Paul Dreiser and Sarah Maria (née Schanab). His novels and nonfiction narratives, which he began publishing in his thirties, were controversial for their gritty realism, sexual frankness, and sympathy for the plight of underrepresented people. Dreiser holds an interesting footnote in history. The ninth of ten surviving children, Dreiser grew up in an impoverished household in Terre Haute, but lived most of his adult life in New York City. You will find all the basic Information about Theodore Dreiser. In 1938 Dreiser moved from New York to Los Angeles with Helen Richardson, who had been his mistress since 1920. Todesort: Hollywood. He was forced to resign in 1910, however, because of an office imbroglio involving his romantic fascination with an assistant’s daughter. He was raised a strict catholic. Dreiser recovered his spirits, and in the next nine years he achieved notable financial success as an editor in chief of several women’s magazines. He became involved in a variety of causes and slackened his literary production. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The poem appeared in The Poetry Quartos, collected and printed by Paul Johnston, and published by Random House in 1929. Other interviewees included Lillian Nordica, Emilia E. Barr, Philip Armour and Alfred Stieglitz. His parents were John Paul Dreiser, a German immigrant who was a weaver by trade, and Sarah Schaenaeb Dreiser, a farmer's daughter from Dayton, Ohio. Geburtsort: Terre Haute/Ind. 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