Later, they gave a different style to the sonnets. But Roosevelt’s New Deal wouldn’t have been sufficient (non sarebbe stato sufficiente se) if a new world conflict had not gave (non avesse dato) American factories a new impulse. The novel of the Modern Age is realistic in nature. Gardi Department of English Bhavnagar University Social background: the making of England; the invasion of Roman Empire in 4th AD ; the attacks of Danish Vikings, etc 2. ... Phonetics a nd Spoken English, Study skills etc. Download full-text PDF Read full-text. Some of the topics on which metaphysical poems are written are love, existence, life etc. Old English literature is mostly chronicle and poetry - lyric, descriptive but chiefly narrative or epic. Charles Darwin and his book ‘Origin of Species’ published in 1859. Vagueness about time, place and the characters. Besides him, there are few other writers who gained popularity due to their writings like, Christopher Marlowe, Ben Jonson etc. The modern age of English literature is characterized by a focus on the individual, experimentation in technique and form, a focus on the absurd, symbolism, and a concentration on form and craft. The term ‘metaphysical poetry’ was coined by Samuel Johnson. John Dryden lived between the Restoration and Augustan age. Some of their militants adopted hunger-strike tactics. Knowledge Merger - All Rights Reserved 2018, It is based on the biblical story of the life of the religious persons, responsible for coining around 1700 words, greatest lyricists of that era was John Donne, the Theatre closed down by the Puritans was restored, democracy, feminism, unionization of workers, Marxism, socialism. As a consequence, this led to a revolution which is known as the ‘Bloodless Revolution’. Victorian Age (1837-1901) – The Victorian era was one of the most important eras in the History of English Literature. The Elizabethan Age (1558-1625) is generally regarded as the greatest in thehistory of English literature. Post-Modernism (1940-21st Century) – In post-modernism, basically the history of English Literature of 5 geo-locations are being studied. The struggle for independence continued and in 1919 the Irish volunteers became the IRA (Irish Republican Army) and began the civil war. Cheers! Due to the Queen’s support and patron, the works of that time came to be known as ‘Elizabethan’. In that difficult years Britain definitely lost its Empire and was gradually being reduced to a second/class power dependent on the United States. (B) Morality Plays – In morality plays, the protagonist of the play generally meets various moral attributes through personification. Even though Queen Victoria, a lady was on the throne for the last 64 years, she was unable to do something for the upliftment of women. The federal government spent thousands of millions of dollars on relief (in aiuti) for the unemployed on public works. The rich became vulnerable in the society. I tried to show the formation of antiheroes in modem literature by looking into the protagonists of three novels and a play. Samuel Beckett’s “Waiting for Godot” is generally considered as the starting point of “Absurd Drama”. The poetries and dramas were prospered more, in particular. The army consisted of the Norman, Breton and the French which was led by William the Conqueror. In 1929 there was the Wall Street Crash (crollo): it marked the end of the prosperity and the beginning of the Great Depression. There are a number of conspicuous reasons for Shakespeare being famous in the English literature arena. The following are the important characteristics of the modern age: The realistic writer is one who thinks that truth to observed facts (facts about the outer world or his own feelings) is the great thing, while an idealist writer wants to create a pleasant picture. The main features of the theatre of the Absurd are: Since the 1960s the content of British plays has got more and more revolutionary (sempre più rivoluzionario). Literature: Beowulf, the earliest literature, the … Middle English Period (1066–1500) The Middle English period sees a huge transition in the language, culture, and lifestyle of England and results in what we can recognize today as a form of “modern” (recognizable) English. Plus, if you encounter any query, do not forget to comment it down. Moreover, for a century and a half, after Chaucer passed away the English literature became stagnant in England. They  questioned (mettevano in discussione) the traditional rules of sexual morality and marriage and also they mocked (deridevano) the political, social and religious establishment. In the 1950s emerged a group of dramatists composed by: Beckett, Adamov and Jonesco. The two primary contribution of this age in English literature is the Revenge play and Metaphysical poetry. There was a Civil war during that period. Various conflicts arose due to this differences. Moreover, the theatre became central to the Elizabethan era. The age is named ‘Puritan Age’ because of the Puritan dominance in England for the first time. By the 13th century, they became vernacularized. King Augustus was the emperor of that time. The Edwardian wasn’t a good period, was a time of industrial unrest (agitazione industriale) and violent strikes, for high prices and low wages. If you want the entire History of English Literature post in PDF format then scroll till the bottom. Neo implies ‘new’ and classical denotes the ‘Roman and Greek classics’. Many important social and historical changes altered the structure of the nation. Charles II wanted to establish Catholicism in the country. ... would become synonymous with the poet in the modern age. There was the rise of the two political parties – the Whigs and the Tories. He developed a new prose style that was suited to the practical needs of the age. If you are searching for History of English Literature pdf, please scroll down. Shakespeare is tagged as a remarkable figure in English literature because he has made a significant benefaction to the English literature through his work on Drama or Plays. Some of the most famous poets of the period are – John Keats, William Blake, William Wordsworth, Thomas Grey etc. In September 1939 Germany invaded Poland and the Second World War started. In miracle plays, the actual story revolves around the main characters and on the other hand, the other characters were short reckoned or undervalued. The Government encouraged the private business. Hey, huge thanks for the point out. We updated that. Download full-text PDF Read full-text. Modernism (1901-1939) – Literature from various parts of the world started spreading. This video talks about the basic postmodernist literature. The Anglo-Saxons were made up of three tribes who came to England through the North Sea route – the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes. The war claimed the lives (ha causato la morte) of about nine million men. It made it possible for the writers to produce written works. These type of plays often results in the death of both the murderer and the avenger. These type of plays were extremely popular during the Elizabethan and the Jacobean era. The ones supporting parliament won. Download full-text PDF. These people were initially sea rovers who inhabited Scandinavia, who later invaded the northern part of France which is until present day known as Normandy. So, people have to adopt Renaissance which was doing really great in Italy. As the entire country was Protestant it leads to a conflict between the two. Ralph Roister Doister by Nicholas Udall is considered as the first comedy…, . Modern period in the English literature begins with the 20th century and remain till 1965. The rebellion was crushed (repressa) but it became a symbol of Irish heroism. It is an epic poem which throws light on a young warrior in … The main social classes were merchants, landowners, and manufacturers. You’ll get the button to download it. The Anglo-Saxon age comprises about 600 years.Beowoulf is one of the most important works of that age. Though poetry and prose were unquestionably brilliant, it was the novel that conclusively proved to be the Victorians special literary success. Over time the world has begun to divide literature into different eras based on the age and events of the times. Queen Victoria, at the age of 18 ruled England continuously for 64 years until her death. He died when he was 29. Perhaps you might like to read this article which talks about his contribution. His greatest works are mostly narratives like The Canterbury Tales, The House of Fame etc. Talking about the famous writers, the first person to come on the list is William Shakespeare. They were not allowed to write freely. So we come to a mammoth of English literature, William Somerset Maugham (1874-1965). The hero or the protagonist shows the difference between good and bad. Born in Paris, where his father was a legal adviser, hiss mother died when he was eight years of age, and his father two years later. The first half of the 20'Th century is very important in the history of English literature. American participation accellerated the German defeat. 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